How-to Guide: Laying Out and Planting Vegetable Gardens

How-to Guide: Laying Out and Planting Vegetable Gardens

When it comes to vegetable gardening, you don’t randomly plant your seeds and hope for good results. Whether you’re working with limited space, or just want to get the most out of the plants you’re caring for, planning out your vegetable garden can be the difference between a successful harvest and a bunch of dying plants.

How-to Guide Lay Out and Plant Garden Vegetables

Garden Placement

There are many factors that need to be considered in your garden location decision.

  • When selecting a site, make sure that the ground is flat.
  • Flat ground permits even moisture distribution.
  • If you need to plant on a slope, make sure that you position your garden so that it runs across the slope, rather than with it to keep erosion to a minimum and make it easier to construct flat beds.

If the only plants that will grow in the area are scraggly and unappealing, the soil is probably poor in quality. Mix in fertilizer or compost before you plant. Test the soil’s water base by digging a six inch hole. If you encounter standing water, the ground is too soggy to support your garden. If the hole is dry, fill the hole with water and observe how long the soil needs to absorb it all. Good soil will absorb the water immediately.

How to Planting Organic Vegetable Tomato Gardens

Plant Types

Getting the best results from a patch of soil requires proper crop rotation.

There are four basic types of plants:

  1. Leaves and Flowers
  2. Fruits
  3. Roots
  4. Legumes


If you planted a fruit, leaf and flower plant in a space last year, plant a root crop in its place this year. Last year’s root crop areas should be given legumes this year, and last year’s legumes area is prime for fruit, leaf and flower crops this year. Document where you planted what each year to keep your soil healthy for years to come.

Spacing Needs

When deciding how to lay out your crops, you need to plan ahead. Gardens are best planted in sections that are no more than four feet wide to allow easy access to all of the plants without the danger of stepping on them. Arrange for unplanted areas to become paths wide enough to maneuver your wheelbarrow down. Arranging your beds in a north to south fashion will maximize the sunlight available to each plant.

The health of your crops depends on the spacing provided for them to grow in.

  • Examine the back of your seed packet for suggested spacing for each variety of plant.
  • Spacing your plants closer together than suggested will result in plants fighting for access to sunlight.
  • Spacing plants farther apart than recommended will deny the plant’s shade to the soil beneath it, resulting in soil that dries out more quickly.


Planting And Harvesting

Keep your plants healthy by understanding their needs. The back of the seed packet will tell you the most ideal time to plant a seed outdoors with zoning information. Identify your location in the color or number coded zone map, then use your zone as a guide to planting instructions. All of this is provided on the seed packet.

Keep your harvest times in mind when planting your garden.

  • Early crops such as lettuce and onions should be mixed with later harvest crops like tomatoes and cucumbers.
  • Plant one row of early harvest crops, then a row of later crops, and repeat your process.
  • By the time the later crops begin to take up space, the early crops will be harvested, providing them with room to grow without wasting garden area.
  • Remember to keep like-family plants together to keep a healthy rotation going.

Nature Garden Sunlight over a Glass Commercial Greenhouse


Leaves, flowers, and fruit plants require large amounts of sunlight, while roots and legumes are happier in partial shade conditions. Observe how the sun passes over your garden. Take advantage of the sunlight by planting roots and legumes in places where the leaves, flower and fruit plants can create shade for them. If you plan creatively, you can arrange shade for the roots and legumes while still adhering to your crop rotation cycle.

English: Pollination

English: Pollination (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


For the best vegetable garden results, remember to always plant more than a single specimen of each leaves, flower and fruit type plant.

  • These individual plants are either male or female in nature, and require pollen to be spread from flowers of the opposite gender in order to produce fruit from a flowering point.
  • The more plants of each type you have in your garden, the higher the chance of having male and female plants are.
  • Without pollination possibilities nearby, the chance of your flowers becoming fruits and vegetables drop significantly.


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This post was written by:

Phil Boyd - who has written 1 posts on EarthCare Greenhouse Gardening Advice Blog.

Today, it's dire that message's and how-to knowledge guides are promoted, about gardening, green living, carbon footprints, and sustainability. This is the way, that the Earth was meant to be, and Phil Boyd is an authority expert in delivering the message. Phil is a web content copywriter for, and is known to frequently publish content, on many top rated garden blogs and website's.

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One Response to “How-to Guide: Laying Out and Planting Vegetable Gardens”

  1. Marion Says:

    This instructional guide is really helpful and easy-to-follow. I have learned of lot of things to consider before starting a vegetable garden.

    By these complete action plan and useful guide it lighten up the burden of planning and preparation.

    Every topic mentioned is really worth to take into consideration for assuring the growth and health of the vegetable plants. I will surely take note of and make a careful application of all the things that were explained above.

    Thanks Phil! More power EarthCare Greenhouses team.

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